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Glossary

Analogy– A comparison between two things that are similar in some respects, often used to help explain something or make it easier to understand. A form of logical reasoning that if two things are taken to be alike in a particular way, they are alike in certain other ways .

  1. Logical analogies– Seek similarities between things that are different but have some trait in common. i.e.: a duck to an amphibious boat, or the branch system of a tree to the vascular system of the human body.
  2. Affective Analogies– Are emotional similarities, ie: a pretty girl is like a flower or someone evil is a snake or a skunk.  A timid person is a mouse.
  3. Paradoxical Analogies– Illogical combinations of images that evoke powerful emotional responses; our minds tell us no logical reason exists for these images to be together, yet since they are together  we‘re forced to reconcile them..

Anthropomorphism– the attribution of a human form, human characteristics, or human behavior to nonhuman things such as animals in children’s stories.

Dutch AngleDutch tilt,  oblique angleGerman anglecanted angle, or Batman Angle are terms used for a cinematic tactic often used to portray the psychological uneasiness or tension in the subject being filmed. A Dutch angle is achieved by tilting the camera off to the side so that the shot is composed with the horizon at an angle to the bottom of the frame.

Focal point –Also called Primary focus –  An visual element receiving concentrated attention, or to which attention is drawn.  Also the point at which parallel rays meet in perspective.

Hierarchy-to group or organize according to the importance of each
element.

Metaphor a word or phrase to somebody or something that is not meant literally but to make a comparison, ex:  saying that someone is a snake.  One thing used or considered to represent another.

Palimpset– Writing material (as a parchment or tablet) used one or more times after earlier writing has been erased.  Something having usually diverse layers or aspects apparent beneath the surface. Take a look at Dave McKean‘s work as an example of overlaying.

Point of View (P.O.V.) –The position or angle from which a somebody observes an event or scene.  Somebody’s particular way of thinking about or approaching a subject, as shaped by his or her own experience, mindset and history.

Significant profile– A universally recognized image of something. An object drawn in such a way so that everyone would be able to identify what it is.

Surrealism- a cultural and  artistic movement that began in the early 1920s. Surrealist works feature the element of surprise, unexpected juxtapositions and the non-sequitur ( elements or pairings of elements seem absurd to the point of being humorous or confusing) Dream analysis, and the unconscious was of utmost importance to the Surrealists.  Artists: Rene Magritte, Duchamp, Dali. Pop- Surrealism- Todd Schorr, Mark Ryden…

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